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GRAPE CULTIVAR TYPING IN THE FIELD USING LAMP

A recent scientific publication demonstrates the power of LAMP to answer essential questions in Agritech industries. The DNAiTECH Gen 2 instrument was used by Dr Javier Quinteiro and wine researchers in Spain to verify cultivars of Albariño, a grape variety whose cultivation dates back to Roman times, from which international award-winning white wines are made. There is a story: in 1989, the CSIRO inadvertently imported Savagnin Blanc (not sauvignon blanc) into Australia instead of Albariño. Twenty years after hectares of cultivation, Australian growers were informed that DNA profiling showed that what they believed they were producing was not actually Albariño but Savagnin Blanc.

The DNAiTECH Gen 2 instrument was used by Dr Javier Quinteiro and wine researchers in Spain to verify cultivars of Albariño.
Genotyping through the grapevine

Profiling cultivars by PCR is costly, time-consuming and requires a well-equipped molecular biology laboratory and trained personnel. Isothermal methods such as LAMP are robust and easy-to-use alternatives to PCR. Dr Quinteiro and the team in Spain identified a chloroplast SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) and then cunningly developed LAMP primers that could distinguish Albariño cultivars from non-Albariño varieties (https://doi.org/10.1155/2023/2117139) And this test could be performed in the field.


LAMP data showing the ability to differentiate between Albarino and other grape cultivars.
Grape cultivar identification using LAMP

The possibilities are diverse, allowing the authentication analysis of the valuable Albariño cultivar, cheaply and quickly, wherever it is required, in situ, from a minute plant tissue sample. This is a tool that some Australian winemakers would have liked to have had years ago.

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